BHEL PHAL FRUIT /Aegle Marmelos/வில்வம்
Aegle Marmelos (Bilva, Bael) - It leaves improve digestion and reduces blood sugar and urea, serum cholesterol. It also prevents peak rise in blood sugar at
1h in oral glucose tolerance test.
Bael is a gut-friendly fruit and is extensively used in the treatment of various gut problems such as diarrhea, dysentery, peptic ulcer. 
It also works as a mild laxative. In addition to this, bael fruit possesses various other therapeutic effects such as anti-diabetic, heart-protective, gut-
protective, anti-diarrheal, anti-viral, anti-bacterial, liver-protective, antioxidants, inhibition of degradation of lipids, and scavenges free radicals.
They strengthen the immune system and fight a variety of infections, diseases and disorders. The presence of various antioxidants, nutrients, phytochemicals,
phenolic compounds and flavonoids in bael makes it very healthy.
Bael possesses various pharmacologic properties and plays an important role in the treatment of various diseases. Besides providing a sweet taste, it also
protects the body and improves overall health

METHI SEED/Trigonalia Foenum Graecum/வெந்தயம்
Methi– It contains saponins, coumarins, fenugreekine, nicotine acid.
USES-A natural soluble fiber present in methi slows down the rate of sugar absorption into the blood. It is also useful in a cough, asthma, and bronchitis.
Studies reveal that fenugreek helps regulate blood glucose. Fenugreek stimulates insulin secretion, thereby limiting the extent to which blood glucose is elevated; by promoting insulin secretion and inhibiting the rise of blood glucose, it helps stabilize blood sugar and reduces body fat production.
Helps lower blood glucose levels, Effective support for both type 1 and 2 diabetes , Stimulates ß-cell activity and lowers plasma glucose
The leaves and seeds of the Fenugreek plant are widely used in Indian cuisine.
The herb has been traditionally used in Ayurvedic compositions as a moisturizer, specially formulated to hydrate dry skin. Applied topically, the herb is also helpful in treating boils, abscesses and ulcers. Fenugreek is a natural source of protein, which rebuilds and strengthens the hair shaft. It reduces hair fall and promotes hair growth.
Fenugreek seeds function as an appetite suppressant and give a feeling of satiety more quickly.
Key therapeutic benefits:
• The herb is helpful in lowering blood sugar and cholesterol levels.
• On external application, Fenugreek helps heal superficial wounds more quickly.
• Because of its rich protein content, the herb is an excellent ingredient in haircare and skincare products.

SHAHAJEERA SEED / Carum Carvi/கருஞ்சீரகம்
The seeds are often known to possess anti-fungal properties.
One of their important uses is in curing gastro-intestinal and digestive disorders. It is also used to cure stomach ulcers because of its soothing
properties.
Caraway seeds possess a considerable amount of fiber. Fiber stimulates peristaltic motion and increased secretion of gastric juices, which eases digestion, prevents conditions like constipation, and protects the body from more severe conditions like colorectal cancer. Fiber can also scrape cholesterol out of the arteries and blood vessels.
Addition to improving intestinal motility and relieving indigestion and its adjacent symptoms, caraway extracts exhibit blood sugar lowering properties and antiobesity activity
Caraway seeds are a great source of dietary minerals such as iron, copper, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, manganese and zinc

Amla / AWALA FRUIT/Embilica Officinalis/நெல்லிக்காய்
Amla– It contains Vit c, phyllembin, tannins, calcium, Phosphorous.
USES- Amla is used as a Rasayana and natural aphordiasis. It is also useful in diabetes and urinary tract disorders.
According to Ayurveda, Aamla or Amla fruit is sour and astringent in taste, with sweet, bitter and pungent secondary tastes. Aamla’s qualities are light and dry, the post digestive effect is sweet and its energy is cooling. As per Ayurveda, Amla balances all the 3 doshas.
Antibacterial and its astringent properties prevent infection and help in the healing of ulcers. It is used as a laxative to relieve constipation in piles.
Amla anti diabetic properties:
- Significantly decrease blood glucose
- Increase insulin production and secretion
- Induce hypotriglyceridemia
- Improve liver function
- Prevent diabetic eye complications
- Anti-diabetic activity
Tannoids found in Amla are potent Aldose Reductase (AR) inhibitors. Inhibiting this enzyme have been used for some time as a promising diabetes control, Amla fruit ash contains chromium, zinc, and copper. Presence of chromium is of therapeutic value in diabetes management.

HARDE FRUIT/Terminalia Chebula/கடுக்காய்
Haritaki and its benefits in aiding the reduction of the effects of diabetes.Constant intake of Haritaki helps to control diabetes 
In Ayurveda, Haritaki is wonder medicine and is used to cure many types of diseases.
Terminalia chebula herb has astringent,rejuvenating,laxative and purgative properties.
Haritaki Fruit is very nutritious for a human being as it contains essential vitamins, minerals and protein. It is a rich source of Vitamin C and minerals
like selenium, manganese, potassium, iron and copper.
Helps in regulating blood sugar levels and decreases insulin sensitivity in the body, so it is a very useful remedy for Diabetes patients. One more thing as
many diabetic medicines has side effects along with regulating blood sugar levels, but haritaki do not have any side effects at all.

JAMBHUL STEM /Eugenia Jambolana/ நாவல்கொட்டை
Jamun– It contains titerpene acids i.e; (oleanolic acid and crategelic acid )
USES- Jamun helps to convert starch into energy and keep our blood sugar level in check. It is used in reducing fever.
It is called Indian Blackberry a viable herb for treating diabetes. The leaves, berries, and seeds of this plant help in lowering the glucose level in blood.
Powder the dried seeds or leaves of the plant and swallow it with water twice a day.
Jambolan is a tree. The seed, leaf, bark, and fruit are used to make medicine.
Jambolan is widely used in folk medicine for diabetes.
It is also used for digestion disorders including gas (flatulence), bowel spasms, stomach problems, and severe diarrhea (dysentery).
Another use is treatment of lung problems such as bronchitis and asthma.
Jambolan seed and bark contains chemicals that might lower blood sugar.
Jambolan also contains chemicals that might protect against oxidation damage, as well as chemicals that reduce swelling.
Eugenia jambolana is one of the widely used medicinal plants in the treatment of diabetes and several other diseases. 
The whole plant of Eugenia jambolana is reported to show antioxidative defence due to numerous phytochemical constituents present in it. 
Effect on doshas -It increases vata but balances kapha and Pitta

KUTKI ROOT/ Picrorhiza Kurroa/ கடுகு
The actions of the herb are antibacterial, antiperiodic, cathartic (in large doses), laxative(in smaller doses) stomachic and bitter tonic, hepatoprotective,
anti-cholestatic (relieves obstruction of bile salts), anti-inflammatory, anti-allergy, antioxidant; modulates the immune system and liver enzyme levels.
Picrorhiza kurroa is an important herb in the traditional Chinese and Ayurvedic systems of medicine, used to treat liver and upper respiratory conditions.
Its traditional uses include treatment of a wide range of conditions, including fevers, chronic diarrhea, constipation, dyspepsia and jaundice.
It has also shown that the active constituents of picrorhiza kurroa may prevent liver toxicity and the ensuing biochemical changes caused by numerous toxic
agents.
The herb is thought to be helpful as a remedy for a number of auto-immune diseases such as vitiligo and psoriasis.
Studies have shown that the curcubitacins in the herb are highly cytotoxic and have antitumor actions and that it may reduce blood cholesterol levels and
reduce coagulation time.

BEHADE FRUIT/Terminalia Belerica/தான்றிக்காய்
The Behada fruit contains many useful ingredients such as tannins, ethyl acid, beta cetosterol, and elegiac acid. This is used in Triphala as one of the
three main ingredients.
Purgative: The fruit shows laxative action and so finds use in cleaning the colon and the stomach. It removes unwanted food and bacteria left behind in the stomach and makes the person healthy. Rejuvenating: The rejuvenating action is due to the way the fruit augments the metabolic activity.
Helpful for curing asthma: The Behada fruit  can cure respiratory disorders. 
Gives relief from inflammation: The fruit shows remarkable action for bringing down inflammation and swellings. This will help those suffering from
arthritis. 
Promotes immunity: The fruit promotes the health of the immune system. You become resistant to diseases and infections. 
Helps lower cholesterol: You can have the powder with honey once a day before your meal. This will lower the cholesterol level and make you healthy.
Pacifies doshas: Terminalia bellerica augments the health by pacifying the Pitta and Kapha doshas.

CHIRAYATA PANCHANG/Swertia Chirata/நிலவேம்பு
Swertia chiretta is a  Ayurvedic therapeutic plant. 
Chirayata is a valuable bitter tonic. It is laxative and an appetizer. It also corrects the disordered process of nutrition and restores the normal function
of the system. It is an effective herb for reducing fevers. It is especially beneficial in the treatment of malarial fevers. It is also effective in hysteria
and convulsions. It also show hypoglycemic activity.

GULVEL STEM/ Giloy,  Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia)   சீந்தில் கொடி   
Giloy– It contains diterpenes compounds including tinosporone, tinosporic acid, cardifolisides A to E.
USES -Giloy has an ability to prevent damage to the liver. It is also useful in diabetes.
Guduchi the herb supports the normal function of the immune system by maintaining optimal levels of white blood cells like macrophages. The plant is also used in dyspepsia and various types of fever.
The stem contains alkaloidal constituents, including berberine and bitter principals, including columbin, chasmanthin, palmarin, tinosporon, tinosporic acid and tinosporol. These chemical constituents render the herb its therapeutic properties.
Key therapeutic benefits:
Guduchi is useful as a diuretic, helps to remove urinary stones and assists in the management of urinary disorders including urinary tract infections.
It is helpful in treating liver damage, viral hepatitis and alcohol, medical or chemical poisoning.

SAPTARANGI ROOT/ Salacia Chinesis Linn/ பொங்கொரந்தி
Salacia is an herb that is native to India and Sri Lanka. The root and stem are used to make medicine.
Salacia has a long history of use as a treatment for diabetes in Ayurveda, traditional Indian medicine. Mugs made from salacia wood are used by people with diabetes to drink water.
In addition to treating diabetes, salacia is used for treating gonorrhea, asthma, itchiness, joint pain (rheumatism), obesity, thirst, and menstrual problems.
Chemicals in salacia seem to prevent sugars in food from being absorbed by the body.

HALAD ROOT/ Curcuma Longa/ மஞ்சள்
Haldi- It contains cucurmene, eugenol, cucurmin, cineole, curdione.
USES- Haldi is a natural anti-inflammatory.It detoxifies blood & skin.It is also useful in diabetes and urinary tract disorders.
It is taken as the blood purifier and is very useful in the common cold, leprosy, intermittent, affections of the liver, dropsy, inflammation and wound
healing. 
The rhizome of the turmeric plant is highly aromatic and antiseptic. It is even used for contraception, swelling, insect stings, wounds, whooping cough,
inflammation, internal injuries, pimples, injuries, as a skin tonic. 
Some of the proven health benefits of turmeric
•Anti-depressant
•Anti-inflammatory
•Pain killer
•Anti-coagulant
•Chemotherapy
•Cholesterol regulating
•As a steroid
•Anti-carcinogen
•Anti-oxidant
•Anti-viral, anti-bacterial, and anti-fungal
•Manage Diabetes
The consumption of turmeric can help significantly reduce the level of sugar in the blood. Not only that, turmeric also helps reduce insulin resistance, and
thus, preventing the onset of type-2 diabetes. As a diabetic patient, adding turmeric to your diet can be very helpful.

NEEM LEAVES/ Melia Azardirachta/ காட்டுவேம்பு
Neem-It contains Nimbin, Nimbinene, 6-desacetyllini mbinene,nimbandiol, quercetin, tannins.
USES-Neem is used as an effective cure for diabetes.
There is proof that its use may reduce the demand for insulin, neem has healing implications for diabetes. 
Neem has anti- bacterial; anti- parasitic, anti- fungal, anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties that not only benefits your health but can help you get
rid of common beauty problems that you face in your daily life. All parts of neem are used for preparing many different medicines, especially for skin
disease.

GUDMAR LEAVES/ Gurmar (Gymnema sylvestre ) சிறுகுறிஞ்சான்  
Gurmar- It contains Gumarin, oxalic acids, stigma sterol, betaine, choline.
USES- Gurmar supports pancreas health. It may help to maintain the healthy metabolic activities of liver, kidney ,& spleen. It may help to regularize the
sweet taste.
Gymnema Sylvestre is known as gur-mar, or "sugar destroyer." When gymnema leaf is placed directly on the tongue, it eliminates the sensation of sweetness, even if sugar is put in the mouth immediately following. When taken internally, it helps to control blood-sugar levels in diabetes. The leaves of Gymnema sylvestre perform two significant functions relative to diabetes. First, they suppress blood glucose, especially after eating. Secondly, they are
insulinotropic and promote insulin secretion. By this two-pronged approach, Gymnema sylvestre proves a valuable aid in diabetes control.
This last ingredient was used for more than 2000 years in the Indian Ayurvedic healing tradition. It’s an herb with a long name: Gymnema sylvestre. But in Hindi it’s called “gumar” – which translates as “sugar destroyer”! If you were to chew the leaves of this plant, you would actually lose your ability to taste anything that was sweet! Gumar improves the effectiveness of insulin, but it also does something really amazing – gumar may actually rejuvenate a non- working pancreas! Gymnema Sylvestre is another herb, whose traditional use in treating diabetes, has been. The leaves of Gymnema sylvestre perform two significant functions relative to diabetes. First, they suppress blood glucose, especially after eating. Secondly, they are insulinotropic and promote insulin secretion. By this two-pronged approach, Gymnema sylvestre proves a valuable aid in diabetes control.
It supports the pancreas in insulin production in type 2 diabetes. It improves the ability of insulin in lowering glucose level in both type 1 and type 2
diabetes. Additionally, it decreases cravings for sweet. It is a substitute for oral blood-sugar-lowering drugs in type 2 diabetes.
Gymnema lower sugar level
The hypoglycemic action of Gymnema leaves slow in nature; instead, the prescribed hypoglycemic drugs have the rapid effect. It raises insulin production by
regeneration of the pancreas cells. It improves glucose uptake by the cells by increasing the activity of the glucose utilizing enzymes and stops adrenaline
from stimulating the liver to produce extra glucose, thereby controlling blood-sugar levels.
Gymnema leaves can be additionally useful in lowering serum cholesterol and triglycerides. It also reduces the taste of sugar and craving for sweets. The
leaf extracts contain gymnemic acid, which inhibits hyperglycemia and acts as a cardiovascular stimulant.
Reduces sugar absorption  from food in the intestines , Stimulate insulin production , Builds pancreatic beta cells which produce insulin
1.Destroys diabetes - It has been in use for thousands of years as an herbal treatment for diabetes. It can block the absorption of glucose from the
intestines and helps to reduce cravings for sugar. Chewing the leaves or taking capsule can alter the taste of sugar and reduce the sweetness.
2.Lower blood pressure - It has a slight diuretic effect, useful to treat water retention and may help lower blood pressure.
3.Drops cholesterol level - It may reduce the number of triglycerides and LDL (bad cholesterol) in the bloodstream, thus risk towards cardiac problems in
reduced.
4.Reduce cardiac risk - It is also used to refresh the cardiac activities and circulate blood.
5.Improves digestion - It is useful to treat stomach ailments. The extract is also used to kill the worms. It is useful as an appetizer. It gives comfort in
colic pain and cures dropsy.
6.Liver Tonic - This is also useful for the treatment of jaundice. The plant extract is useful as a liver tonic.
7.Increased energy - It reduces fat storage from carbohydrates and increases the amount burned for energy. It leads to a reduction in fat stores and
increases in energy available.
8.Weight loss - It has also suggested for herbal weight loss applications.
9.    Treat rheumatoid arthritis & gout – it is effective in treating rheumatoid arthritis and gout.
Antimicrobial - It also has antibacterial and antiviral properties in liquid applications.